(Student Handbook, 2002-2003, p. 141)
B. No learning community can thrive if its members counterfeit their achievements, deceive their teachers or take unfair advantage of their fellow students. The integrity of the entire academic community is at stake when an intellectual offense occurs because a student has falsified the learning process. The principal academic offense is plagiarism. Plagiarism is the offering of someone else's words, ideas or conceptions as one's own. Students are encouraged to draw upon the wisdom of others, but, in the spirit of genuine scholarship, they are expected to acknowledge (through proper documentation and reference) another's work so that creativity can be justly appreciated and sources can be verified by others. Plagiarism differs from fair use of sources in that the similarity of the original and the borrowed material is very close; the original material is acknowledged inexactly or not at all; and, the borrowed work shows little or no creative application by the borrower.
In citing any source, the student implicitly guarantees the accuracy and fullness of the acknowledgment. An instructor may, therefore, request the student to bring in those sources so that such guarantee may be confirmed. Such a request, made routinely in many colleges and universities, carries no implied criticism. All students are responsible for knowing what academic honesty is. As a result, to establish the occurrence of plagiarism, it is not necessary to prove intent. Students who are unsure of proper documentation responsibilities are strongly encouraged to consult with appropriate handbooks, individual instructors or the College Writing Center. Plagiarism will be deemed to have occurred when one or more of the following external evidences is present:
1. The writing of a student includes word-for-word passages taken without
explicit and accurate acknowledgment from a source written by another,
provided that the cumulative borrowing includes at least ten words.
"Explicit and accurate acknowledgment" means the use of quotation marks
and a verifiable citation of a source, either in parentheses or by footnote,
at the point of indebtedness. The listing of the source in the bibliography
is not acknowledgment in itself.
Any instructor who has assembled evidence of plagiarism will first offer the student a chance to provide an alternate explanation of the evidence or to admit fault. If the inference of plagiarism remains, the instructor may choose one of these options, listed in order of increased severity according to the extent and evident deliberateness of the deceit. The first two options suppose that the plagiarism is not extensive, that it would not have given the student substantial academic advantage such as full course credit or high course grade, or that the instructor has clear reasons to believe that the plagiarism can be accounted for by ignorance, which, though subject to discipline, is genuine.
1. Reprimanding the student and requiring either a revision of the work
or an additional paper or exam.
The remaining three options come into play if the plagiarism is extensive, if it gave the student substantial academic advantage, or if the student had previously been warned against it.
3. Directed withdrawal of the student from the course.
Any sanction beyond 1) will be reported to the Dean of Faculty for notation in the studentís file. The record of past plagiarism for a given student may affect the disposition of any new case. No notation will appear on the studentís permanent transcript, nor will any notation be sent off campus with the studentís records.