The exam will have
two parts and is worth 20% of your grade for the course.
The essay part of the
midterm will be in class Friday, February 12, 2010.
Part 1 will be 10 T/F
& multiple choice questions. This
part will be on BLACKBOARD and is due at exam time on February 12, 2010.
the exam grade]
The questions will cover
Kant & Bierce, plus ask you to compare Kant to Nielsen and/or Williams.
Part 2 will be ONE essay
question to be written in class on February
12, 2010. [70%
the exam grade]
There will be choice,
but not all questions on this study guide will appear on the exam.
Please be sure to read
and follow the test instructions accurately.
No books or notes will
Exam books or paper will
The Question Pool:
As you study, don't try
to write out answers and memorize them.
Work towards understanding
how you would organize an answer to the question and how you would develop
For essay tests understanding
produces better effects than rote memorizing.
Be sure to prepare yourself
to refer generously to the texts in the essay question. [not direct
quotes, but an accurate stating of the philosopher's position.]
For questions that ask
you to express your own view please be sure to explain clearly the philosopher’s
ideas that are relevant to your discussion before you express
your view. And express your view in relation to your discussion of the
During the exam itself
feel free to jot down notes inside the exam book cover. Take your time
to write a clear, thorough and coherent answer.
Using the concept of "negative
responsibility" [discussed in class] and William's argument
"negative responsibility", analyze the choices made by Sophie in the excerpt
from Styron's "Sophie's Choice" and
the people who walk away
LeGuin's short story, "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas."
Hobbes and Huxley
describe situations in which art, culture, religion and science are not
possible. Briefly describe the society each author describes. And then
explain carefully what you can conclude from these societies about what
the necessary conditions are for the possibility of such activities as
art, culture, religion and science. [that is, what conditions are needed
for human creativity to flourish?]
Both Kant &
would disagree with Utilitarianism, but for different reasons. Explain
what each philosopher's main disagreement with Utilitarianism is and WHY
each disagrees. Then explore any relationship you see between Kant's notion
of duty and William's concept of "moral commitments".
In "From Cruelty to Goodness"
Hallie states that "by degrading the victim, the victimizer exalts
his own perception of self-worth, but in reality becomes evil." Argue for
or against this using either Plato or Hobbes. [The argument
Socrates gives for being moral in "The Ring of Gyges" is really an argument
concerning "mental health." Hobbes also describes the effect of unconstrained
human behavior in his writings. ]